National Capital Region

The National Capital Region (NCR) in India is the designation for the conurbation or metropolitan area which encompasses the entire National Capital Territory of Delhi, which includes New Delhi, as well as urban areas surrounding it in neighboring states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.
The four constituent Sub-Regions of NCR are as follows:

  1. The Haryana Sub-Region comprises thirteen districts: Faridabad, Gurgaon, Mewat, Rohtak, Sonepat, Rewari, Jhajjar, Panipat, Palwal, Mahendragarh (Narnaul), Bhiwani, Jind and Karnal.
  2. The Uttar Pradesh Sub-Region comprises seven districts: Meerut, Ghaziabad, Bulandshahr, Gautam Budh Nagar, Baghpat, Hapur, Muzaffarnagar.
  3. The Rajasthan Sub-Region comprises two districts: Bharatpur, Alwar
  4. Delhi, which constitutes about 2.9% of the land area of the Region.

Component Districts

total of 20 districts in three neighbouring states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan along with whole of the National Capital Territory of Delhi constitute the National Capital Region (NCR) of India as defined in National Capital Region Planning Board (NCRPB) Act, 1985. The areas and populations of these

Component districts are set out below

DistrictStateArea(km2)Capital
Delhi(NCT)1,483 
Sub-region   
DelhiDelhi1,483Delhi
UttarPradeshUttarPradesh10,853 
Sub-region   
GhaziabadUttarPradesh1,179Ghaziabad
GautamBudhNagarUttarPradesh1,282GautamBudhNagar
BulandshahrUttarPradesh3,719Bulandshahr
BaghpatUttarPradesh1,321Baghpat
HapurUttarPradeshHapur
MuzaffarnagarUttarPradesh4,008Muzaffarnagar
HaryanaHaryana25,327 
Sub-region   
FaridabadHaryana741Faridabad
GurgaonHaryana1,258Gurgaon
MewatHaryana1,507Nuh
RohtakHaryana1,745Rohtak
SonipatHaryana2,122Sonipat
RewariHaryana1,594Rewari
JhajjarHaryana1,834Jhajjar
PanipatHaryana1,268Panipat
PalwalHaryana1,359Palwal
MahendragarhHaryana1,899Narnaul
BhiwaniHaryana4,778Bhiwani
JindHaryana2,702Jind
KarnalHaryana2,702Karnal
RajasthanRajasthan13,446 
Sub-region   
BharatpurRajasthan5,066Bharatpur
AlwarRajasthan8,380Alwar

Counter Magnets Areas

Counter-magnet towns are identified as those that can be developed as alternative centres of growth and attract migrants to them rather than Delhi. These towns are located in six states-Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab, in addition to Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan, which are already part of the national capital region.

The criteria for selecting counter magnet towns are: that they should not be within approximately 250 kilometres from Delhi, should have their own established roots and potential of growth and should not be centres of either religious, strategic or environmental importance.

These are:

Haryana state

  • Hisar, 160 km
  • Ambala, 200 km
  • Karnal (now in NCR), 125 km

Madhya Pradesh state

  • Gwalior, 320 km

Punjab state

  • Patiala, 230 km

Rajasthan state

  • Jaipur, 260 km
  • Kota, 525 km

Uttar Pradesh state

  • Bareily, 250 km
  • Kanpur, 470 km
  • Moradabad, 160 km

Uttarakhand

  • Dehradun, 240 km

Key Terms:

  • Industrial Corridor
  • ,
  • Industrial Regions
  • ,
  • Infrastructure
  • ,
  • Metropolitan Region
  • ,
  • Transportation in India

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